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Beheim


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(b Sulzbach, Oberpfalz, 1455–60; d Nuremberg, 27 Aug 1538). German architect. In 1488 he was town architect in Sulzbach, Waldsassen, Neumarkt (Oberpfalz) and Windsheim. From 1490 he worked in Nuremberg, where he was first appointed inspector of buildings to the city (see Nuremberg, §I). He constructed several large utilitarian buildings: the former tallow house of 1490, which was built as a granary, is attributed to him, and the granary in the castle, the Kaiserstallung, was built under his direction in 1494–5. The city commissioned the small municipal weigh-house (destr. 1945) in 1497 and the Mauthalle (toll-house) and town granary in 1499–1502. Beheim's public buildings were conspicuous for their size and functional style among the confusion of tall, narrow houses; the Mauthalle and the Kaiserstallung, in particular, have massive roofs with attics and dormers. They are built of sandstone, with richer patterning and decorative detail restricted to areas such as window parapets, where foiled reliefs in the same stone cover the surfaces like wood-carvings. Adam Kraft provided stone detail such as coats of arms and other reliefs for many of Beheim's buildings. (Those from the weigh-house are in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg.)

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From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.



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