Early Neolithic communities forming part of the Volga–Oka Culture group in the forest zone of western Russia in the later 4th millennium bc. The Belev Culture occupied a territory to the south of the Lialovo Culture around the upper Oka. It is named after the site of Belev beside the Oka, north of Orel. Characteristic of the Belev Culture are elongated ceramic vessels, similar in form to those of the Lialovo Culture, but decorated with rhomboid‐shaped impressed pits. Flint implements typical of the culture include large chopping tools and massive knives. By the middle of the 3rd millennium bc the Belev Culture had spread southwards into the middle Donetz River system.