poet born in New York, after receiving an A.B. and M.A. from the University of Virginia became a professor of English at Bennington. His poems have been published in The Five-Fold Mesh (1938), Wilderness Stair (1955), The Enemy Joy (1964), Nowhere But Light (1970), and The Double Witness (1977). He wrote Adam's Dream (1977), about translation, and has translated poems of Rimbaud, Lorca, and Neruda.