(b Prague, 16 April 1838; d Prague, 20 Sept. 1897). Czech composer and conductor. He studied at the Prague Organ School (where his firm friendship with Dvořák began), graduating in 1858. After conducting in Brussels and Amsterdam during 1864 and spending two years (1878–80) in France and Italy as choirmaster for Baron von Dervies, he spent the rest of his working life in Prague. As a conductor he made significant contributions to the Czech music revival, as a deputy in the Prague Provisional Theatre (1874–5) and as musical director of the choral society Hlahol, succeeding Smetana (1865–77). Many of his 300 choruses remain stalwarts of the partsong repertory in the Czech Republic. He later became organist of the church of St Nicholas (1877–8, 1886–90), and in 1894 deputized for Dvořák, teaching composition at the Prague Conservatory.
From The Oxford Companion to Music in Oxford Reference.