(d. 1342), Pope from 1334.
Jacques Fournier was the third of the Avignon Popes. A Cistercian monk and abbot, as Pope he inaugurated several ecclesiastical reforms. He fought the rapacity of the clergy, forbade the holding of benefices incommendam except by cardinals, and was a zealous reformer of religious orders. In the political field he was less successful. In 1336 he defined the doctrine that the souls of the just who have no faults to expiate enjoy the Beatific Vision immediately after death.