Arabic wasiyyah. A testamentary disposition. Bequests are limited to one-third of the decedent's total estate. The remainder of the estate is divided according to Quranically prescribed rules to specific heirs. The bequest may exceed one-third of the estate only if the Quranically designated heirs grant their consent. The beneficiaries of bequests take their share after the payment of outstanding debts owed by the decedent. In Sunni law, a bequest in favor of a Quranically designated heir is invalid. Several Muslim countries such as Egypt, Sudan, and Iraq do not follow this rule as long as the bequest does not exceed one-third of the estate.
See also Inheritance