(b New York, 15 May 1912; d Boston, 7 Oct. 2003). American composer and critic. He studied with Walter Piston at Harvard and with Milhaud at Mills College. After some years as a critic, notably under Virgil Thomson on the New York Herald Tribune, he began teaching at Brandeis University. In 1957 he adopted serialism, but without essential change to his spare, motivically based style, to his careful productivity or to his preference for small-scale instrumental media.
From The Oxford Companion to Music in Oxford Reference.