(b Boskovice, 11 Aug. 1861; d Prague, 1 Jun. 1945)
Czech dancer, choreographer, and ballet master. He danced at the opera houses in Dresden and Prague, and was a soloist at the Stavovské Theatre (1876–80). In 1883 he became a soloist at the Prague National Theatre. He eventually became ballet master of the Prague National Theatre (1912–23), where he helped to develop the national Czech ballet, and the court opera in Dresden (1900–10). He was artistic director of the Warsaw Ballet (1910–12), and staged Carmen at the Alhambra Theatre in London. He was ballet master of the Metropolitan Opera Ballet in New York (1926–32). He also choreographed the first non-Russian production of the second act of Swan Lake in 1888, an event attended by Tchaikovsky himself during a trip to Prague.