(b Stockholm, 28 Dec. 1858; d Saltsjö-Storängen, nr. Stockholm, 29 Jan. 1919).
Swedish painter, writer, and arts administrator, son of a landscape painter EdvardBerghe (1828–80). His work was strongly influenced by French open-air painting and Symbolism, but he made them the basis for a distinctive Swedish national Romanticism, as in his most famous work, Nordic Summer Evening (1899–1900, Konstmuseum, Gothenburg). It shows a man and woman on a veranda looking out over a lake in an atmosphere heavy with psychological tension. Bergh was also a fine portraitist, notably of his artist and intellectual friends. In 1915 he was appointed director of the Nationalmuseum in Stockholm, which he reorganized into a modern and dynamic institution. He wrote numerous articles on art.