Bergius process

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Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius (1884—1949) German industrial chemist


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A process for making hydrocarbon mixtures (for fuels) from coal by heating powdered coal mixed with tar and iron(III) oxide catalyst at 450°C under hydrogen at a pressure of about 200 atmospheres. In later developments of the process, the coal was suspended in liquid hydrocarbons and other catalysts were used. The process was developed by Friedrich Bergius during World War I as a source of motor fuel.

Subjects: Chemistry.

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