Henri Bergson

(1859—1941) French philosopher

Quick Reference


French philosopher who opposed scientific materialism and positivism, and whose concept of the ‘Elan vital’, or vital impulse, where the evolutionary process is directed towards new forms and increasing complexity, captured the imagination of many writers, including G. B. Shaw. He as awarded the Nobel Prize in 1927.

Subjects: Literature — Philosophy.

Reference entries

See all related reference entries in Oxford Index »