Congress of Berlin

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Berlin, Congress of (1878)

Berlin, Congress of (1878)

Berlin, Congress of (1878)

Berlin, Congress of (1878)

Berlin, Congress of (1878)

Berlin, Congress of

Berlin, Congress of (1878)

Berlin, Congress of (1878)

The Nineteenth Century Until the Congress of Berlin


Abstracts selected for presentation at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 31 August–4 September 2002, Berlin - Germany

SCOTT, Sydney (Richard) (died 1966), Governor of St Bartholomew’s Hosp. and of its Medical College, Consulting Aural Surgeon and late Lecturer on Aural Surgery, St Bartholomew’s Hospital; Consulting Surgeon for Diseases of the Ear, Nose, and Throat, National Hospital for Nervous Diseases, Queen Sq., St Andrew’s Hosp. and Red Cross; Hon. Life Mem. Collegium Oto-Laryng. Amicitiae Sacrum; late Consulting Surgeon British Post-Graduate Medical School; late Examiner for Diploma of Laryngology and Otology, RCS of England; Ex-President, Section of Otology, Royal Society of Medicine; late Civil Surgeon, South African FF, with Yorkshire Regt, 1900–01 (Queen’s medal 3 clasps); temp. Major RAMC attached RAF (France). Was Member Aeronautic Medical Investigation Committee, National Medical Research Council; investigated the problem of vertigo in relation to flying, 1918; late Hon. and Temp. Capt. RAMC, BEF; Duchess of Westminster’s War Hospital, France (bronze star, 1914); Arris and Gale Lecturer, The Physiology of the Human Labyrinth, Royal College of Surgeons (1910), and late Senior Surgeon to Out-Patients and Aural Surgeon, Evelina Hospital for Sick Children; Hon. Sec. Section of Otology, 17th International Congress of Medicine, 1913; delegate for RCS Internat. Congress Oto-Laryngology, Berlin, 1936


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A conference of European powers. It revised the Treaty of San Stefano (1878) which had ended the war between the Ottoman empire and Russia (1877–78). Under the chairmanship of the German chancellor, Otto von Bismarck, the congress limited Russian naval expansion; gave Montenegro, Serbia, and Romania independence; allowed Austria-Hungary to occupy Bosnia and Herzegovina; reduced Bulgaria to one-third of its size; and placed Cyprus under temporary occupation by the British. The congress left Russian nationalists and Pan-Slavs dissatisfied, and the aspirations of Greece, Serbia, and Bulgaria unfulfilled. Bismarck's handling of the congress antagonized Russia, and the claim of Disraeli, that it had achieved “peace with honour”, proved unfounded.

Subjects: British History — World History.

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