Alexandre de Berneval


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(b ?1367; d 5 Jan 1441). French architect. He was active in Fécamp and Rouen in Normandy during the formative period of Flamboyant architecture. On his tomb slab in the abbey of St Ouen in Rouen, which identifies him as Master of the Works of Masonry of the King of England (owing to the English occupation of Rouen from 1419 to 1449), he is depicted next to his son Colin, who succeeded him as Master; he holds a compass tracing out the south transept rose window of the abbey. Berneval is first mentioned in 1409 as a master in a contract with new apprentices. In 1413 Estaud d’Estouteville, Abbot of La Trinité at Fécamp (1390–1423), sent him to ‘Newcastle-on-the-Tyne’ in England to purchase alabaster. He was paid 200 livres tournois in 1420 to execute a masonry tabernacle at Fécamp for the relic of the Pas de l'ange or Pas au Pèlerin, a sandstone impression of the footstep of an angel who attended the dedication of the 10th-century church. This tabernacle, although damaged, provides the earliest extant documented example of Berneval's style.


From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.