(b Paris, 1767; d Paris, 1844).
Fr. violinist, composer, and teacher. Violinist in Opéra orch. from 1782. Prof. of harmony Paris Cons., 1795–1818, then prof. of comp. Cond. Opéra‐Comique 1807–9. Besides sacred mus. and instr. works, comp. over 40 operas (some in co‐operation with Méhul, Spontini, Paër, and Boieldieu) of which best‐known were Les Rigueurs du cloître (1790), a ‘rescue opera’ which was an exemplar for Fidelio, and Montano et Stéphanie (1799). Wrote pamphlets attacking Rossini.