French diplomat and theologian. After a visit to Spain in 1604, he brought the reformed Carmelites to Paris, and in 1611 he founded the French Oratory on the pattern of that established by St Philip Neri. He negotiated the dispensation necessary for the marriage of Henrietta Maria to Charles I in 1625. In 1627 he was made a cardinal. In his main work, Discours de l'État et des Grandeurs de Jésus (1623), he expounded his Christocentric spirituality, his devotion to Christ as God-made-man.
Subjects: Christianity — Literature.