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1 (7th century ce) A Vedānta teacher who was a near contemporary of Śaṅkara, but disagreed with the latter's Advaita, maintaining instead a bhedābheda (identity in difference) stance: the world is one (brahman (neut.), but its diversity is real.

2 (Bhāskara I) (5th–6th century ce) A Hindu astronomer and pupil of Āryabhata I.

3 (Bhāskara II) (12th century ce) A great mathematician, well-known for his discoveries in the field of the theory of numbers, several of which were well in advance of European knowledge. Among other proofs, he established mathematically that infinity remains infinite, however divided. Sections of his Siddhānta Śiromani were widely used, notably the Līlavatī and the Bījaganita, both receiving Persian translations in the 16th and 17th centuries respectively.

Subjects: Hinduism.

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