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King of Sri Lanka from 1237 to 1284 renowned for his piety and for having appointed scribes to copy the whole of the Pāli Canon, which he then had distributed to the main monasteries of the island. Second of the five sons of Parakkhamabāhu II, he had been entrusted with the defence of the north of the island. Upon King Vijayabāhu III's death a usurper took the throne which, however, was soon after restored to Bhuvanekabāhu. His son by the same name, who succeeded Parakkamabāhu III, held a great yearly festival to celebrate his coronation and to admit new members into the Saṃgha.

Subjects: Buddhism.

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