Nicholas Biddle


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(1786–1844), Philadelphia financier and scholar, edited the Port Folio (1812), and, assisted by Paul Allen, compiled and edited the notes and journals of the Lewis and Clark expedition, published as the History of the Expedition of Captains Lewis and Clark (1814). The exigencies of the War of 1812 caused Biddle to abandon literary scholarship to serve in the state senate and aid in financing the war. In 1819 he became a director and then (1822–39) president of the Bank of the United States.

From The Oxford Companion to American Literature in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Literature.

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