French family of artists.
(1) Colin [Nicolas] de Biard (b Amboise, 1460; d ?Amboise, after 1515). Master mason. He belonged to the group of artists from the Loire region who were responsible for the transition from the Gothic to the Renaissance style. Although it is not possible to establish exactly the part that he played in the construction of individual buildings—designer or executant, or both—it is certain that he was involved in the most important architectural projects in France during the reigns of Charles VIII and Louis XII. He first appears at the château of Amboise in 1483; in 1495–6 he was recorded in the building accounts as a master mason, alongside Guillaume Senault (fl 1495–1509), with whom he came to be regularly associated. Biard participated in the construction of the Louis XII wing at the château of Blois, as well as in the building of the château of Verger for the Maréchal de Gié. In March 1500, in Paris, he was a member of the committee established to rebuild the Pont Notre-Dame. Between May 1504 and September 1506 he was present on several occasions at Gaillon during construction by Senault of the château of Gaillon for Cardinal Georges I d’Amboise. It has been suggested that Biard and Senault should be considered as the architect and the contractor of Gaillon during this first building campaign.
From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Renaissance Art.