(1817–1911), associate editor and owner of the New York Evening Post (1848–61), whose Free-Soil interests led to his campaign Life of Frémont (1856). As consul general at Paris (1861–65) and minister to France (1865–66), he helped swing sympathy away from the Confederacy. Foreign experiences led to his writing Beaumarchais the Merchant (1870), France and Hereditary Monarchy (1871), and France and the Confederate Navy (1888). His other works include an edition of Franklin's Autobiography (1868) from the manuscript he discovered in France; a ten-volume edition of Franklin's Works (1887–88); a Life (1895) and Writings (1885) of Tilden, with whom he was politically associated; and two Swedenborgian works, Molinos the Quietist (1882) and The Mystery of Sleep (1897). He wrote Retrospections of an Active Life (5 vols., 1909–13), and he is the subject of Margaret Clapp's Forgotten First Citizen (1947).
From The Oxford Companion to American Literature in Oxford Reference.