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A city and former state on the Deccan plateau, south-western India. It was the capital of a Muslim kingdom, founded by the Yadava dynasty in the 12th century. It fell under the control of the Bahmani Muslims in the 14th century. Its era of independent splendour was from 1489 to 1686 when the Adil Shahi sultans made it their capital and were responsible for Islamic architecture of outstanding quality. In 1686 the Mogul emperor Aurangzeb defeated Bijapur, but was unable to exert firm control and the region soon fell under Maratha sway, from which it passed into East India Company hands in the early 19th century.

Subjects: Art — World History.

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