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Affecting two parties; often used in relation to negotiations or agreement between two countries. International relations are often conducted between two countries, seeking mutually beneficial solutions to disputes, and improved collaboration and cooperation. Bilateralism can be contrasted with unilateralism, and many international organizations are designed to encourage multilateral negotiations. Bilateral agreements can be easier to negotiate, involving only two parties, but outcomes can be seen to serve a narrow set of interests. Bilateral negotiations have a similar interpretation in domestic politics. The prime ministerial style of Tony Blair, involving an emphasis on bilateral meetings between himself and ministers, was seen to reduce the influence of the Cabinet and undermine collective decision‐making.

Subjects: Politics.

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