Sir Richard Bingham

(1528—1599) soldier and president of Connacht

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(1528–99), provincial president of Connacht 1584–96. Bingham disliked Perrot's composition of Connacht but eventually became its most ardent supporter. It brought him into conflict with the Mayo Burkes in 1586. He reduced their castles, hanged their leaders, and defeated their redshanks at Ardnaree. In 1589 Bingham, with his kinsmen and clients, began a systematic reduction of north Connacht. War was renewed with the Burkes, O'Flaherty forced into revolt, and O'Rourke's lordship overrun. Bingham now began demanding the right to follow traitors into Tirconnell and Fermanagh. An attack by Maguire (May 1593) against the Binghams was one of the earliest actions of the Nine Years War. Bingham's government collapsed after the fall of Sligo in January 1595. By August only Galway and Clare were free of revolt. The deteriorating situation in Connacht was blamed on Bingham's arbitrary government. Leaving in 1596 to defend himself in England, he was imprisoned in the Fleet for abuse of martial law. Rehabilitated in 1598 as marshal of Ireland, he died on arrival in Dublin.

From The Oxford Companion to Irish History in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: European History.

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