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Biochemical reference values for urine


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DeterminationReference range

Aldosterone10–50nmol/24h

Albumin<80mg/24h

α-Aminolaevulinic acid9.9– 53.4μmol/24h

Amylase

Secretion rate1–17 somogyi U/h

Clearance0.01–0.04 of creatinine clearance value

Arginine1.3–6.5μmol/mol creat

Ascorbic acid34–68μmol/l

Calcium2.5–7.5mmol/24h

Catecholamines<2.6μmol/24h

Chloride110–250mmol/24h

Copper0.47–0.55μmol/l

Cortisol60–1500nmol/l

<280nmol/24h

Creatinine

Male9.0–17.0mmol/24h

Female7.5–12.5mmol/24h

Pregnancy8.0–13.5mmol/24h

Glucose0.06–0.84mmol/l

Homovanillic acid (HVA) –adults<43μmol/24h

Hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5- HIAA)16–73μmol/24h

Hydroxymethylmandelic acid (HMMA)16– 48μmol/24h

Iron<1.8μmol/24h

Lead<0.4μmol/l

β2- Microglobulin4–370μg/l

Magnesium3.3–4.9mmol/24h

Osmolality350–1000mosm/kg

Oxalate<450μmol/24h

Phosphate (inorganic)15–50mmol/24h

Porphyrins

Coproporphyrin50–350nmol/24h

Porphobilinogen0.9–8.8μmol/24h

Uroporphyrin0–49nmol/24h

Potassium20–60mmol/l

40–120mmol/24h

Protein<120mg/24h

Pregnancy<300mg/24h

Sodium50–125mmol/l

100–250mmol/24h

Urea250–500mmol/24h

Uric acid<5.0mmol/24h

Pregnancy (except late)<7.0mmol/24h

Urobilinogen<6.7μmol/24h

Vanillylmandelic acid (VMA)<35μmol/24h

Zinc2.1–11.0μmol/24h

From A Dictionary of Nursing in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Medicine and Health.



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