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A technique used in the selection process. Biodata are pieces of information that can be objectively categorized (for example, qualifications, years of relevant experience, positions of responsibility). Particular weightings are given to the various categories according to their importance and so each candidate will get a ‘score’ based on his or her biodata. This can be an effective sifting mechanism in order to reduce the pool of applicants to a smaller number (in other words, shortlisting). It is only possible to use the biodata technique where the same information is available for all candidates; therefore, some organizations ask applicants to fill in biodata questionnaires rather than relying on information from application forms or curricula vitae (résumés).

Subjects: Human Resource Management.

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