Control measures against vector-borne diseases that rely on a combination of predator species and altering the environment and ecosystems in order to eliminate or minimize the abundance and distribution of vectors. Examples include draining swamps to eliminate the habitat of mosquito larvae, introduction of predators or pathogens inimical to vector species, and releasing sterile male or genetically modified male mosquitoes that lead to population collapse of mosquitoes. Approaches that rely on introduced predator species have undesirable unintended consequences if the predators become established in and take over an ecological niche. They may then become pests themselves.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.