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The scientific study of the effects of living things on subsurface geology; or with the distribution and fixation of chemical elements in the biosphere. Its principles are applied to the systematic collection and analysis of plants in the exploration for mineral deposits. It is also the study of the chemistry of organic sediments and of the chemical composition of fossils and fossil fuels. See also geobotanical exploration.

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Ecology and Conservation.

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