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This list of brief biographical details was compiled to reduce repetition in entries. It is not intended as a list of key figures in the field, although it includes many whose ideas have had some influence within it.

Aarseth, Espen (b.1965) Norwegian literary/videogame theorist.

Adorno, Theodor (1903–69) German philosopher and cultural theorist.

Allport, Gordon (1897–1967) American psychologist.

Altheide, David (b.1945) American sociologist.

Althusser, Louis (1918–90) French philosopher.

Argyle, Michael (1925–2002) British psychologist.

Aristotle (384–322 bc) Greek philosopher.

Austin, John L. (1911–60) British philosopher.

Bakhtin, Mikhail M. (1895–1975) Russian philosopher and literary theorist.

Ball-Rokeach, Sandra (b.1941) American media system theorist.

Bandura, Albert (b.1925) American psychologist.

Barthes, Roland (1915–80) French literary and cultural theorist.

Bateson, Gregory (1904–80) British-American anthropologist and cyberneticist.

Baudrillard, Jean (1929–2007) French cultural theorist, sociologist, and philosopher.

Baudry, Jean-Louis (b.1930) French film critic.

Beardsley, Monroe C. (1915–85) American philosopher.

Bell, Daniel (b.1919) American sociologist.

Bem, Sandra L. (b.1944) American psychologist.

Benjamin, Walter (1892–1940) German philosopher.

Benveniste, Émile (1902–76) Syrian-French linguist.

Berger, John (b.1926) British art critic and writer.

Berger, Peter (b.1929) Austrian-American sociologist.

Berkowitz, Leonard (b.1926) American psychologist.

Berners-Lee, Tim (b.1955) British computer scientist.

Bernstein, Basil (1924–2000) British sociologist and linguist.

Bhabha, Homi K. (b.1949) Indian postcolonial theorist.

Bolter, Jay David (b.1951) American new media theorist.

Boorstin, Daniel J. (1914–2004) American historian.

Booth, Wayne C. (1921–2005) American literary critic.

Bordwell, David (b.1947) American film theorist.

Bourdieu, Pierre (1930–2002) French sociologist.

Brecht, Bertolt (1898–1956) German playwright and theatre director.

Brooks, Cleanth (1906–94) American literary critic.

Bruner, Jerome (b.1915) American psychologist.

Bühler, Karl (1879–1963) German psychologist.

Burke, Kenneth (1897–1993) American literary theorist.

Butler, Judith (b.1956) American philosopher.

Cacioppo, John T. (b.1951) American psychologist.

Caillois, Roger (1913–78) French intellectual.

Castells, Manuel (b.1942) Spanish sociologist.

Certeau, Michel de (1925–86) French cultural theorist.

Chomsky, Noam (b.1928) American linguist and political activist.

Cohen, Stanley (b.1942) South African-British sociologist and criminologist.

Cooley, Charles H. (1864–1929) American sociologist.

DeFleur, Melvin L. (b.1923) American mass communication theorist.

Deleuze, Gilles (1925–95) French philosopher.

Derrida, Jacques (1930–2004) Algerian-French philosopher.

Dichter, Ernest (1907–91) American psychologist.

Dilthey, Wilhelm (1833–1911) German philosopher.

Durkheim, Émile (1858–1917) French sociologist.

Dyer, Richard (b.1945) British film historian.

Eco, Umberto (b.1932) Italian novelist and semiotician.

Eisenstein, Sergei (1898–1948) Soviet film director and film theorist.

Ekman, Paul (b.1934) American psychologist.

Engels, Friedrich (1820–95) German political theorist.

Fairclough, Norman (b.1941) British linguist.

Firth, John Rupert (1890–1960) British linguist.

Fish, Stanley (b.1938) American literary theorist.

Fiske, John (b.1939) British-American media scholar.

Foucault, Michel (1926–84) French philosopher and historian of ideas.

Freud, Sigmund (1856–1939) Austrian psychiatrist.

Frye, Northrop (1912–91) Canadian literary theorist.

Galtung, Johan (b.1930) Norwegian sociologist.

Genette, Gérard (b.1930) French literary theorist.

Gerbner, George (1919–2005) American communication theorist and researcher.

Gibson, James J. (1904–79) American psychologist.

Gibson, William (b.1948) American-Canadian novelist.

Giddens, Anthony (b.1938) British sociologist.

Goffman, Erving (1922–82) American-based Canadian sociologist.

Gombrich, Ernst (1909–2001) Austrian-born British art historian.

Gramsci, Antonio (1891–1937) Italian philosopher.

Gregory, Richard L. (1923–2010) British psychologist.

Greimas, Algirdas Julien (1917–1992) Lithuanian linguist and semiotician.

Grice, H. Paul (1913–1988) British-American philosopher.

Guattari, Félix (1930–92) French philosopher and psychotherapist.

Guiraud, Pierre (1912–82) French linguist.

Gutenberg, Johann (c.1400–c.1468) German inventor of the printing press.

Habermas, Jürgen (b.1929) German sociologist and philosopher.

Hall, Edward T. (1914–2009) American anthropologist and cross-cultural researcher.

Hall, Stuart (b.1932) Jamaican-British sociologist and cultural theorist.

Halliday, Michael A. K. (b.1925) British-Australian linguist.

Haraway, Donna (b.1944) American philosopher.

Harvey, David (b.1935) British-American geographer and social theorist.

Heidegger, Martin (1889–1976) German philosopher.

Henley, Nancy M. (b.1934) American psychologist.

Herman, Edward S. (b.1925) American political economist.

Hirsch, E. D. (b.1928) American literary critic.

Hitchcock, Alfred (1899–1980) British film-maker.

Hjelmslev, Louis (1899–1965) Danish linguist.

Hockett, Charles F. (1916–2000) American linguist.

Hofstede, Geert (b.1928) Dutch cultural theorist.

Hoggart, Richard (b.1918) British cultural theorist.

Horkheimer, Max (1895–1973) German philosopher and cultural theorist.

Horton, Donald (b.1910) American psychologist.

Hovland, Carl I. (1912–61) American psychologist.

Husserl, Edmund (1859–1938) German philosopher.

Hymes, Dell (b.1927) American linguist.

Innis, Harold Adams (1894–1952) Canadian political theorist.

Iser, Wolfgang (1926–2007) German literary scholar.

Jakobson, Roman (1896–1982) Russian-American linguist.

Jameson, Fredric (b.1934) American literary critic.

Jauss, Hans Robert (1921–97) German literary theorist.

Jenkins, Henry (b.1958) American media theorist.

Johnson, Mark L. (b.1949) American philosopher.

Jung, Carl (1875–1961) Swiss psychiatrist.

Kant, Immanuel (1724–1804) German philosopher.

Katz, Elihu (b.1926) American sociologist.

King, Martin Luther Jr. (1929–68), American clergyman and civil rights leader.

Koffka, Kurt (1886–1941) German psychologist.

Köhler, Wolfgang (1887–1967) German-American psychologist.

Kristeva, Julia (b.1941) Bulgarian-French philosopher, literary critic, and psychoanalyst.

Kuhn, Thomas S. (1922–96) American historian of science.

Kuleshov, Lev (1899–1970) Soviet film-maker and film theorist.

Lacan, Jacques (1901–81) French psychoanalyst.

Lakoff, George P. (b.1941) American linguist.

Lasswell, Harold (1902–78) American political scientist and communication theorist.

Lazarsfeld, Paul (1901–76) Austrian-American sociologist.

Leavis, Frank R. (1895–1978) British literary critic.

Leiss, William (b.1939) American communication theorist.

Lévi-Strauss, Claude (1908–2009) French anthropologist.

Ling, Rich (b.1954) American telecommunications researcher.

Livingstone, Sonia (b.1960) British psychologist.

Lotman, Yuri (1922–93) Russian semiotician.

Luckmann, Thomas (b.1927) Slovenian-born German sociologist.

Lull, James (b.1950) American media researcher.

Lyotard, Jean-François (1924–98) French philosopher.

MacCabe, Colin (b.1949) British literary and film theorist.

Maccoby, Eleanor E. (b.1917), American psychologist.

McGuire, William J. (1925–2007) American psychologist.

McLuhan, Marshall (1911–80) Canadian literary scholar.

McQuail, Denis (b.1935) British sociologist.

Malinowski, Bronisław (1884–1942) Polish anthropologist.

Marcuse, Herbert (1898–1979) German philosopher.

Marx, Karl (1818–83) German political theorist.

Maslow, Abraham (1908–70) American psychologist.

Mead, George Herbert (1863–1931) American philosopher, sociologist, and psychologist.

Merton, Robert K. (1910–2003) American sociologist.

Metz, Christian (1931–93) French film theorist.

Meyrowitz, Joshua (b.1949) American media theorist.

Miller, George A. (b.1926) American psychologist.

Mills, C. Wright (1916–62) American sociologist.

Morley, David (b.1947) British sociologist.

Morris, Charles W. (1903–79) American semiotician.

Morris, Desmond (b.1928) British zoologist and ethologist.

Mulvey, Laura (b.1941) British film theorist.

Murdoch, Rupert (b.1931) Australian-American media mogul.

Neisser, Ulric (b.1928) American psychologist.

Nietzsche, Friedrich (1844–1900) German philosopher.

Ong, Walter J. (1912–2003) American literary theorist.

Osgood, Charles E. (1916–91) American psychologist.

Parsons, Talcott (1902–79) American sociologist.

Peirce, Charles Sanders (1839–1914) American philosopher and logician.

Petty, Richard E. (b.1951) American psychologist.

Piaget, Jean (1896–1980) Swiss psychologist.

Plato (429–347 bc) Greek philosopher.

Polanyi, Michael (1891–1976) Hungarian philosopher.

Postman, Leo (1918–2004) Russian-American psychologist.

Postman, Neil (1931–2003) American media theorist and cultural critic.

Propp, Vladimir (1895–1970) Russian literary theorist.

Quintilian, or Marcus Fabius Quintilianus (c.35–c.100) Roman rhetorician.

Radcliffe-Brown, Alfred R. (1881–1955) British anthropologist.

Rheingold, Howard (b.1947) American writer on new media.

Robertson, Roland (b.1938) British sociologist.

Rock, Irvin (1922–95) American psychologist.

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712–78) French philosopher.

Ruge, Mari Holmboe (b.1934) Norwegian political scientist.

Rutter, Derek R. (b.1946) British psychologist.

Said, Edward (1935–2003) Palestinian-American cultural theorist.

Sapir, Edward (1884–1939) American linguist.

Sartre, Jean-Paul (1905–80) French philosopher and writer.

Saussure, Ferdinand de (1857–1913) Swiss linguist.

Schleiermacher, Friedrich (1768–1834) German philosopher.

Schramm, Wilbur (1907–87) American communication theorist.

Schutz, Alfred (1899–1959) Austrian-American philosopher.

Searle, John R. (b.1932) American philosopher.

Shannon, Claude (1916–2001) American electronic engineer and mathematician.

Shklovsky, Viktor (1893–1984) Russian writer.

Simmel, Georg (1858–1918) German sociologist.

Snow, Robert P. (b.1937) American sociologist.

Sontag, Susan (1933–2004) American philosopher and literary theorist.

Spencer, Herbert (1820–1903) British sociologist and philosopher.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty (b.1942) Indian literary critic.

Tannen, Deborah (b.1945) American linguist.

Thompson, Kristin (b.1950) American film theorist.

Toffler, Alvin (b.1928) American futurologist.

Veblen, Thorstein (1857–1929) Norwegian-American sociologist and economist.

Voloshinov, Valentin (1895–1936) Russian linguist.

Vygotsky, Lev (1896–1934) Soviet psychologist.

Warren, Robert Penn (1905–89) American poet, novelist, and literary critic.

Watzlawick, Paul (1921–2007) Austrian-American psychologist and communication theorist.

Weaver, Warren (1894–1978) American scientist and mathematician.

Weber, Max (1864–1920) German sociologist and political economist.

Wertheimer, Max (1880–1943) German psychologist.

Whorf, Benjamin Lee (1897–1941) American linguist.

Williams, Raymond (1921–88) British cultural theorist, critic, and novelist.

Wimsatt, William K. (1907–75) American literary theorist and critic.

Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1889–1951) Austrian-British philosopher.

Wohl, Richard (1921–1957) American psychologist.

Wölfflin, Heinrich (1864–1945) Swiss art historian.

Yarbus, Alfred L. (b.1914) Russian psychologist.

Young, Jock (b.1942) British criminologist.

Zola, Emile (1840–1902) French novelist.

From A Dictionary of Media and Communication in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Media Studies.



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