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(adj) A word that describes the interaction of biological, psychological, and social determinants of health and risk factors for disease. This conceptual field led to the rise of the science of psychoneuroimmunology, which identifies and studies ways in which bodily functions are influenced by psychological and social factors. Its importance in clinical preventive medicine is acknowledged, but existing knowledge seldom suffices for effective interventions. It has been a useful concept in psychosomatic and family medicine.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

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