Whale‐ and seal‐hunting communities of the north Alaskan coast from Cape Nome to Point Barrow between about ad 500 and ad 1000. Contemporary with the Punuk and ancestral to the Thule. Birnirk communities took over areas previously used by Ipiutak folk. Harpoon heads used by Birnirk cultures show derivation from the Okvic–Old Bering Sea Traditions, while the small chipped stone tools suggest roots extending back to the Arctic Small Tool Tradition. Birnirk assemblages also contain many artefacts paralleled in the tool kits of modern Inuit.