birth trauma

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The supposedly distressing aspect of the process of being born, according to the Austrian psychoanalyst Otto Rank (1884–1939) and later therapists, including the US psychoanalyst Phyllis Greenacre (1894–1989) and the US psychologist Arthur Janov (born 1924). Rank argued in his book The Trauma of Birth (1929) that the shock of birth creates a reservoir of anxiety and that all neuroses stem from birth anxiety. See also primal anxiety.

Subjects: Psychology.

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