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John Biscoe

(1794—1843) merchant navy officer and explorer


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(1794–1843), British Antarctic explorer. Biscoe is best known for his Antarctic voyage of 1830–1833 in the brig Tula (150 tons) and the cutter Lively (82 tons; under the command of Captain George Avery). In these small vessels, Biscoe made the third circumnavigation of Antarctica, after James Cook and Fabian Bellingshausen, discovering icebound Enderby Land—which Biscoe named after his employers, a London whaling and sealing firm owned by the Enderbys—and Graham Land, part of the Antarctic Peninsula.

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From The Oxford Companion to World Exploration in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: World History.


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