Bishops' Wars

'Bishops' Wars' can also refer to...

Bishops' Wars

Bishops’ Wars

Bishops' Wars

Bishops’ Wars (1639–40)

Bishops' wars (1639–40)

Bishops' wars (1639–40)

Bishops' wars (1639–40)

Bishops' Wars (1639–40)

Billy Bishop Goes to War

Billy Bishop Goes to War

Billy Bishop Goes to War (1978)

Bishops’ wars (1639–40)

The Bishops' Wars and the Short Parliament

Crossing the Pond: The Native American Effort in World War II. Byjere' Bishop Franco. (Denton: University of North Texas Press, 1999. xviii, 232 pp. $29.95, ISBN 1-57441-065-2.)

Doctor Quintard, Chaplain C.S.A. and Second Bishop of Tennessee: The Memoir and Civil War Diary of Charles Todd Quintard. Edited by Sam Davis Elliott. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2003. 285 pp. $39.95

Mark Charles Fissel. The Bishops' Wars: Charles I's Campaigns against Scotland, 1638–1640. (Cambridge Studies in Early Modern British History.) New York: Cambridge University Press. 1994. Pp. xv, 336. Cloth $69.95, paper $27.95

HARMAN, N. Bishop (1869 - 1945), Consulting Ophthalmic Surgeon, West London Hospital; Lecturer in Ophthalmology and late Dean of the West London Post Graduate College; Ophthalmic Surgeon to the Belgrave Hospital for Children; Consultant, National Institute for the Blind; late Ophthalmic Consultant LCC Education Department; member, Government Committee on Causes and Prevention of Blindness, 1920–22, and 1938; President, Section of Ophthalmology, Winnipeg; Chairman of National Ophthalmic Treatment Board; Vice-President, BMA; late Direct Representative General Medical Council; Member and Treasurer of Dental Board of the UK; President, Manchester College, Oxford; CMO South African War


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Two brief conflicts over Charles I's attempt to impose Anglicanism on the Scots, and important as a factor leading to the outbreak of the English Civil War. Since 1625 the king had been trying to take back former church lands from Scottish noblemen, provoking great bitterness. In 1637, a modified version of the English Prayer Book was introduced in Scotland. This spurred the Covenanters into abolishing the episcopacy. The first war (May–June 1639) was a bloodless fiasco. Charles had refused to call a Parliament to vote funds and, acknowledging that his new recruits were no match for the Covenanters, he made peace at Berwick. For the second war (August–September 1640), refused supplies by the English ‘Short Parliament’, he obtained money from the Irish Parliament, but his army was routed by the Covenanters at Newburn, near Newcastle upon Tyne. With the Scots occupying Northumberland and Durham, Charles was forced to make peace at Ripon, and to call the Long Parliament.

Subjects: World History — British History.

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