A cliff 30 km. (18 1/2 mi.) east of Kermanshah, with a relief and a long trilingual inscription (Elamite, Babylonian, Old Persian) by Darius I. The three versions differ in details. Cols. 1–4 report on his victories over the usurper Gaumata and other rebel kings in his first regnal year. The inscription was carved in stages; the OP version was added last. Copies were sent out and parts have been found at Elephantine (Aramaic) and Babylon. Bisutun is the only narrative OP text. Col. 5, on Darius' second and third years, is similar to the ahistoric style of the later OP inscriptions.
Subjects: Classical Studies.