(b. 13 Feb. 1933).
President of Cameroon 1982– Born at Mvomeka, he was educated in Yaoundé (1954–6) and in Paris (1956–62) before returning to Cameroon. He held various positions in Ahidjo's government, and became his Secretary‐General and Minister of State in 1968. In 1975 he became Prime Minister, and in 1982 he succeeded Ahidjo upon his retirement. Ahidjo's desire to maintain a position of influence in the country caused a power struggle, which Biya won. The hardships caused by a severe economic crisis forced him to introduce a programme of democratization in 1992. Re‐elected several times with the help of electoral fraud, he continued to preside over one of the world's most corrupt governments.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — African Studies.