Spanish–French painter, born at Santander, Spain, of a Spanish father and a Franco-Polish mother. After studying in Madrid she moved to Paris in 1906 and was introduced by van Dongen into the Cubist circle. From 1913 to 1916 she lived in Spain, then settled permanently in Paris. Although she became closely linked with the Cubists, she took from them structural mannerisms rather than a commitment to the intellectual principles of the movement. Indeed, her approach was emotional rather than cerebral; she was best known for her scenes of everyday life, and her depictions of sad or solitary children are particularly memorable—a reflection perhaps of the fact that she was herself crippled from childhood.