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(Established 1924)

A group of Constructivist artists opposed to the decorative and nationalistic preoccupations of the Cracow School, Blok was launched formally with the first issue of the magazine of the same name in March 1924. The group's theoretical concerns were articulated by Mieczyslaw Szczuka and Teresa Zarnowerówna and, with an emphasis on technology and utilitarianism rather than aesthetics, were closely aligned with those of the Russian Vladimir Tatlin. However, such a shift away from ‘pure art’ towards functionalist concerns caused considerable artistic controversy, leading to the dissolution of the group and magazine in 1926. Many of the group associated with another Polish Modernist pressure group Praesens, which was established in the same year.

Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

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