French military engineer and mathematician, who became the first Director of the Royal Academy of Architecture and Ingénieur du Roi. His Cours d'Architecture (1675, 1683, and 1698) was an important architectural textbook in which the Orders were given prominence, and the principles of Classicism and a rational approach to architecture were promoted and explained. He did not design many buildings but was responsible for the huge monumental Parisian Portes, those of St-Antoine, St-Bernard, and St-Denis, all 1671.
Blondel (1698);Blunt (1982);Hautecœur (1948);Herrmann (1973);Mauclair et al . (1983);Teyssèdre (1967)