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bloomery


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[MC]

A furnace for smelting iron. Although bellows were used to force air into the furnace, it was not possible to make the iron hot enough to melt. Before it can be used, the spongy lump of iron removed from the furnace, called a bloom, has to be hammered at red heat in order to expel impurities and add a proportion of carbon.

Subjects: History — Archaeology.


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