A secret Chinese organization within the Guomindang (KMT). It was formed on 1 March 1932 in response to the Japanese invasion of Manchuria (Manchukuo) by members and graduates of the Whampoa Military Academy. Often mistaken for a Fascist organization, its aim was to strengthen China through political and economic reform, as envisaged by Sun Yat‐sen. Organized in various circles, the biggest of which was the Chinese Renaissance Society, it demanded a strong, sovereign central government, led by a reformed KMT movement. This should implement land reforms such as farming cooperatives and reductions in land rent, guiding China's commercial development through authoritarian policies until China was sufficiently stable to sustain a democracy. The Blue Shirt Society initiated various mass campaigns during the 1930s but, together with other KMT factions, it was disbanded by the party's Extraordinary National Conference in 1938.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).