body building

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body building

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body-building food

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Building the Body Politic: Power and Urban Space in Washington, D.C. By Margaret E. Farrar. (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008. viii, 183 pp. $45.00, ISBN 978-0-252-03227-1.)

Bruce, Edward James (1881 - 1968), HM Lieutenant, County of Fife, 1935–65; President Fife TA Association; Hon. Colonel Elgin Regiment (RCAC); Captain of Royal Company of Archers, Queen’s Body Guard for Scotland; Director, Scottish Amicable Life Assurance Soc.; Past Dir, Royal Bank of Scotland; Vice-President: Building Societies Association; National Trust for Scotland; Scottish Council (Development and Industry)

RAPHAEL, Francis Charles (1871 - 1945), consulting electrical engineer, specialising in legal work and in the electrical equipment of buildings. Before the 1914–18 War, Editor of Electrical Engineering; previously Editor of The Electrician for a number of years; an expert in electrical engineering matters, and author of some books on these subjects; consulting electrical engineer to various hospitals, and other institutions, public bodies and companies; during the 1914–18 War Lieut London Electrical Engineers, RE (T); afterwards a Departmental Manager with the Edison-Swan Electric Co., Ltd until 1922, and now devoting himself exclusively to consulting practice


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  • Sports and Exercise Medicine


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A form of exercise and competitive sport in which the primary aim of participants is to develop muscularity and body mass, and to produce symmetry and harmony between different body parts. In addition, body-builders try to achieve definition so that muscles can be separated from each other. During competition, body-builders are judged while posing in specific body positions. Weight-training for body-building usually incorporates ‘split’ systems (a few selected muscles or muscle groups are exercised in each session), which have a low risk of serious injury. The training does not improve maximal aerobic power or endurance capacity, but it does seem to have some health-promoting effects (for example, steroid-free male and female body-builders tend to have favourable lipoprotein-lipid profiles, reducing the risk of coronary heart disease). Well-trained body-builders are characterized by having lean and muscular bodies with enhanced muscular strength and power.

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

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