A craft used on the inland waterways of Holland, with apple-shaped bows and stern, rounded bottom, and broad fan-shaped leeboards for sailing in very shallow waters. The boeier originated in the early part of the 16th century as a seagoing merchant vessel some 20 metres (65 ft) in length and 7–8 metres (23–6 ft) in breadth, rigged with either a spritsail or a loose-footed mainsail having brails and a standing gaff, and often setting a square topsail above. Some of the earliest and largest of the boeiers carried in addition a small lateen mizzen.
By the 19th century the boeier had changed to the present form of bluff-ended inland waterways type and been reduced in size, ranging generally from 12.3 metres (40 ft) to as little as 8 metres (26 ft) in length. The single mast, stepped in a tabernacle for lowering at bridges, generally carried a boomed mainsail with the typical Dutch curved gaff, a foresail set on the forestay, and a jib which could be set on a running bowsprit. Later examples were built of steel. The boeier became the most common type of pavilionenjacht, or pleasure craft with staterooms, until well into the 20th century.
Subjects: Maritime History.