1 Opera in 4 acts by Puccini to lib. by Giacosa and Illica, based on H. Murger's novel Scènes de la vie de bohème (1847–9). Comp. 1894–5. Prod. Turin 1896; Manchester (in Eng.) and Los Angeles 1897; San Francisco and NY 1898; London 1899.
2 Opera by Leoncavallo, also founded on Murger's novel but using different episodes. Prod. Venice 1897; NY 1960; London 1970; Wexford 1994.