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body movements


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The following terms are used to describe body movements (see figure 17): ABDUCTION: a movement away from the midline of the body. Abduction also refers to the spreading apart of fingers or toes ADDUCTION: a movement towards the middle of the body. It also refers to movements of the fingers or toes when they are drawn closer together CIRCUMDUCTION: a complex movement which combines abduction, adduction, extension, and flexion so that a limb, for example, follows a cone-shaped path. Circumduction incorporates all the movements of ball and socket joints (e.g. hips and shoulder) DORSIFLEXION: a movement of the foot which brings the toes closer to the shin EVERSION: turning the sole of the foot outwards EXTENSION: straightening of a joint so that two bones move further apart FLEXION: bending a joint so that two bones move closer together INVERSION: turning the sole of the foot inwards PLANTAR FLEXION: a movement of the foot which takes the toes further away from the shin; pointing the toes downwards PRONATION: turning the wrist so that the palm faces downwards (or an inward rotation of the foot) ROTATION: movement around the axis of a bone or body part. Movement towards the midline of the body is called medial (or internal) rotation; movement away from the midline is called lateral (or external) rotation SUPINATION: turning the palm upwards (or an internal rotation of the foot).

ABDUCTION: a movement away from the midline of the body. Abduction also refers to the spreading apart of fingers or toes

ADDUCTION: a movement towards the middle of the body. It also refers to movements of the fingers or toes when they are drawn closer together

CIRCUMDUCTION: a complex movement which combines abduction, adduction, extension, and flexion so that a limb, for example, follows a cone-shaped path. Circumduction incorporates all the movements of ball and socket joints (e.g. hips and shoulder)

DORSIFLEXION: a movement of the foot which brings the toes closer to the shin

EVERSION: turning the sole of the foot outwards

EXTENSION: straightening of a joint so that two bones move further apart

FLEXION: bending a joint so that two bones move closer together

INVERSION: turning the sole of the foot inwards

PLANTAR FLEXION: a movement of the foot which takes the toes further away from the shin; pointing the toes downwards

PRONATION: turning the wrist so that the palm faces downwards (or an inward rotation of the foot)

ROTATION: movement around the axis of a bone or body part. Movement towards the midline of the body is called medial (or internal) rotation; movement away from the midline is called lateral (or external) rotation

SUPINATION: turning the palm upwards (or an internal rotation of the foot).

Figure 17 Body movements

Subjects: Medicine and Health.


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