(b Seattle, 1938).
Amer. composer. Has worked as teacher (at Sch. of Mus. of Univ. of Michigan at Ann Arbor from 1973, becoming prof. 1983) and critic. Comps. admit wide range of influences, from serialism to collage. They include the operas McTeague (Chicago, 1992), A View from the Bridge (1997–9), and A Wedding (2004); 6 syms.; 11 str. qts. (1950–2003); Session 2, vn., va. (1966); Black Host, org., perc., tape (1967); 14 Piano Rags (1967–70); Dark Music, timp., vc. (1970); Open House, ten., chamber orch. (1975); pf. conc. (1976); pf. qt. (1976); vn. conc. (1983); Concertante, va., vc., orch. (1985); Fantasy Sonata, pf. (1989); Spring Concertino, ob., chamber orch. (1989); cl. conc. (1990); fl. conc. (1993); sonata, 2 pf. (1993); A Whitman Triptych, mez., orch. (1995); Concert Suite, sax., band (1999); Concerto Grosso, sax. qt., orch. (2000); pf. quintet (2001); Seventh Symphony: a Symphonic Concerto, orch. (2002); Medusa, sop., chamber orch. (2003). One of his highly praised works is the Songs of Innocence and Experience (48 Blake poems), for 9 solo vv., 2 ch., unacc. ch., children's ch., and orch. (1956–82, f.p. Stuttgart, 1984).