Alain Bombard


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Thor Heyerdahl (1914—2002) Norwegian anthropologist


marine Biology


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a French doctor of medicine and a pioneer of the art of survival at sea. He was born in Paris and qualified at the Faculty of Medicine there before taking a hospital post at Boulogne. There he began to study the problems connected with survival at sea and in 1952, to prove his theory that it was possible for shipwrecked mariners to survive and exist solely on the resources of the sea, he set out to cross the Atlantic on an inflatable raft called L'Hérétique. The voyage was successful and he published an account of it under the title Histoire d'un naufragé volontaire (History of a Voluntary Castaway). In 1959 he built a sea laboratory for the study of the physiopathology of sailors, and subsequently became Délégué Général to the Fondation Scientifique Ricard which sponsored research into marine biology. He swam the Channel in 1951, became a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, and in the 1980s was a member of the French government.

See also Heyerdahl, Thor.

See also Heyerdahl, Thor.

Subjects: Maritime History.

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