b. 28 October 1937, Romford, Essex, England, d. 8 May 1974, London, England. The young Bond was adopted from a Dr Barnardo’s children’s home and given musical tuition at school; he has latterly become recognized as one of the main instigators of British R&B, along with Cyril Davies and Alexis Korner. His musical career began by playing alto saxophone with Don Rendell’s quintet in 1961 as a jazz saxophonist, followed by a stint with Korner’s famous ensemble, Blues Incorporated. By the time he formed his first band in 1963 he had made the Hammond organhis main instrument, although he showcased his talent at gigs by playing both alto saxophone and organ simultaneously. The seminal Graham Bond Organisation became one of the most respected units in the UK during 1964, and boasted an impressive line-up of Ginger Baker (drums), Jack Bruce (bass) and Dick Heckstall-Smith (saxophone - replacing John McLaughlin on guitar), playing a hybrid of jazz, blues and rock that was musically and visually stunning. Bond was the first prominent musician in Britain to play a Hammond organ through a Leslie speaker cabinet, and the first to use a Mellotron.
From Encyclopedia of Popular Music in Oxford Reference.