Bp. of London from 1539. Under Edward VI he opposed the Royal Injunctions of 1547 and evaded the provisions of the BCP; in 1549 he was deprived of his bishopric and imprisoned for disobeying a Privy Council instruction. Restored under Mary in 1553, he was energetic in the reconstruction of Catholic belief and worship and in the conviction of heretics, though his reputation for cruelty may be exaggerated. Under Elizabeth I he refused to take the Oath of Supremacy and was again deprived in 1559; he spent his last years in prison.
Subjects: History — Christianity.