(b. 18 Oct. 1873, d. 20 Apr. 1951).
Italian anti‐Fascist leader One of the leading proponents of a reformist, pragmatic socialism which he advocated in Le vie nuove del socialismo (The New Paths of Socialism, 1907). None the less, he remained in the minority with his views, such as advocating that the Socialist Party join coalition governments in order to gain real influence in the Italian state. Following his opposition to the Socialist Party's condemnation of Italy's conquest of Libya he was expelled from the party in 1912. A strong supporter of Italy's entrance into World War I, Bonomi served as Minister of Public Works 1916–17, Minister of War 1920–1, and Prime Minister 1921–2. Following Mussolini's accession to power he retired from public life, but in late 1942 took up contact with anti‐Fascist resistance circles. After Mussolini's fall and the conclusion of an armistice with the Allies on 8 September 1943, Bonomi was chosen to lead the Committee of National Liberation, which united all anti‐Fascist parties. He resigned in June 1945 after the end of World War II in Europe, but became president of the Senate in 1948.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).