(b Vienna, 1909; d Visp, Switz., 1991). Austrian violinist and conductor. Joined Vienna PO, 1932, co-leader 1939–71. Salzburg Fest. début (as violinist) 1938, (as cond.) 1975 (Strauss 150th Birthday Anniversary). Cond. of celebrated New Year's Day Vienna concerts of Strauss waltzes. Cond. Vienna Strauss Orch. from 1969. Founded Vienna Octet and Vienna Philharmonic Qt.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.